4 Cf. Dooley, Kate (2016): What does the Paris climate agreement mean for the rights of forests and forest populations? Brussels: FERN (www.fern.org/node/6009). Common but differentiated responsibilities and different capabilities (CBDR-RC) is a principle of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that recognizes the different capabilities and responsibilities of different countries in the fight against climate change. Differentiation is UN jargon for the tricky question of how to recognize the differences between developed and developing countries in the new UN agreement that nations intend to sign in Paris by the end of the week. While countries are formally equal in UN climate negotiations, their contribution to greenhouse gas emissions, development needs and vulnerability to climate change vary widely. These differences were corrected by the recognition of the “common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities” (CBDR-RC) of the countries of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Finally, the self-differentiation of technology transfer assistance in NPNs is consistent with the specific needs of the Paris Agreement (UNFCCC, 2015); The data is presented in the preamble. In total, 63% of emerging economies and 76% of LDCs and SIDS depend on technology transfers (see Figure 6). Mbeva K, Pauw WP (2016) Self-differentiation of countries` responsibilities: combating climate change through planned national contributions, discussion paper 4/2016. German Institute for Development/German Institute for Development (DIE), Bonn, Germany Until recently, only developed nations were obliged to make new commitments within the framework of the Un to combat their emissions.
The Kyoto Protocol, the only one to date with legally binding climate change targets, has adopted this approach, with rich countries the only ones forced to reduce their emissions. In 2009, rich nations pledged $100 billion a year to poor countries to finance climate by 2020. The vague wording of the new agreement could cast doubt on whether the obligation to do so is still entirely on the shoulders of industrialized countries or whether an unspecified amount should now be made available by unspecified countries.